Litozamia rudolphi (Brazier, 1894)
Description: Shell fusiform, protoconch of two smooth whorls; spire more than half total shell length. Sculptured with strong, rounded varices, 8-9 per whorl, crossed by spiral sculpture of broad ribs forming spirally elongate nodules at the intersections; 2 or 3 spirals on spire whorls, 4 on body whorl, and several more on base and anterior canal. Outer lip denticulate within in mature shells. Columella lip smooth, sometimes standing free of columella. Anterior canal moderately long, recurved. Colour fawn, often with a band of brown splashes on the varices above the periphery and another on base of body whorl.
Size: Up to 7 mm in length.
Distribution: Endemic to Australia; Forster, NSW, to Tas, and possibly to south-western WA.
Habitat: Occurs subtidally, down to 130 m. Also known from dead beach shells. Uncommon.
Figs. 1a,2,3a: Long Reef, Collaroy, NSW (C.348678)
Figs. 1b,3b: Middle Harbour, Sydney, NSW (C.348683)
Copyright Des Beechey 2000