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Family  Mopaliidae

Mopaliid Chitons

 

 
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The Mopaliidae is a small family found mainly in the Indo-Pacific Ocean, mostly living in the intertidal and shallow subtidal regions. In Australia, 5 species are known, only one of which occurs in NSW. The family includes the unusual species Palciphorella atlantica (Verrill & Smith, 1882) which has a world-wide deep water distribution. In Australia it occurs at depths of 200-1700 m south of Tasmania.

In this family, the girdle has hairs, spines and bristles, but never has scales.

Family References

  • Iredale, Tom & Basset Hull, A.F. 1927. Family Plaxiphoridae pp. 99-103 in A Monograph of the Australian Loricates. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney. 168 pp. (This is a consolidated and repaginated version of the same material that had been published in sections in The Australian Zoologist over the years 1923-1927).
  • Kaas, P. & Van Belle, R.A. 1994. Family Mopaliidae pp. 211-350 in Monograph of Living Chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora). Leiden: E.J. Brill / Dr. W. Backhuys Vol 5 402 pp.
  • Gowlett-Holmes, K. (1998). Family Mopalidae. Pp. 184-185 in Beesley, P.L., Ross, G.J.B. & Wells, A. (eds) Mollusca: The Southern Synthesis. Fauna of Australia. Vol. 5. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne. Part B. viii 565-1234 pp.
  • Gowlett-Holmes, K. 2001. Family Mopalidae pp 76-81 in Wells, A. & Houston, W.W.K. (eds) Zoological catalogue of Australia. Vol. 17.2 Mollusca: Aplacophora, Polyplacophora, Scaphopoda, Cephalopoda. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing, Australia.

Coverage

The only species known from NSW is detailed here.

Identification Notes

The descriptive terminology for chitons is given in the introduction to the Acanthochitonidae.

 


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